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Daxiatitan binglingi

Daxiatitan binglingi discovered from the Early Cretaceous Hekou Group of Lanzhou Basin, Gansu Province, China, is a new basal titanosauriform sauropod. This huge herbivorous dinosaur with an enormous neck is unique in having neomorphic structures in its femur, which implies a strongly outwardly walking style. Its neck is about 12.5 meters long. Despite the huge neck, it's not ridiculously tall due to the shoulder height, which is around 4.5 meters. The entire length of the animal is about 26-28 meters, depending on the size of the tail.

H. liujiaxiaensis

Meaning "Yellow River titan", Huanghetitan is a genus of sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Hekou Group of Lanzhou Basin, Gansu Province, China. This basal member of the Titanosauriformes is distinguished from all others by its possession of extremely low sacral neural spines and transversely expanded distal ends of the neural spines. Its discovery adds one more dinosaur to the Lanzhou Basin vertebrate assemblage, and is also an important material to study on the origin and early evolution of titanosaurians.

Q. kangxii

Qiaowanlong kangxii is a genus of brachiosaurid sauropods excavated from the Early Cretaceous Xinminpu Group of the Yujingzi Basin, Jiuquan area, Gansu Province, China. It is often taken as "giraffe" of the Mesozoic for its long neck and forelimbs. Qiaowanlong is unique in possessing a couple of features, such as bifurcated cervical neural spines and a much reduced ischiuma. The discovery of Qiaowanlong indicates a diverse and abundant sauropod assemblage in China during the Early Cretaceous.



Hezhengia, the unique population in the world, is a kind of bovid found recently in the Hezheng area, Gansu Province, China. Its skull structure, horn form and the characters of its neck bore make it assumed that it is the early ancestor of the ovibos, which now lives only in Alaska. Hezhengia's short and robust horn core is also a very important character in Ovibovinae. Hezhengia is named after its discovery site ─ Hezheng County, and is the most characteristic and representative fossil in Hezheng area.


Called as "three-toed horse", Hipparion was one of the most successful prehistoric horses of the Miocene epoch. It resembled the modern horse, yet still had three vestigial outer toes, which did not touch the ground. It is an evolutionary branch in the horse family rather than the horses' direct ancestor. Hipparion originated in North America, then went through Bering Strait to Eurasia, and finally spread rapidly in Africa. Decreasing from the Pliocene, Hipparion became extinct in Africa approximately half a million years ago.


As you may have guessed from its name, the Platybelodon was a close relative of prehistoric elephants. As implied by its name, the Platybelodon had flat, shovel-shaped teeth on its lower jaw, which is believed to be used for shoveling up the moist vegetation on flooded plains, lakebeds and riverbanks. The Platybelodon lived during the Miocence epoch, about 15-4 million years ago, and ranged over Africa, Europe, Asia and North America. Although it thrived during its time, it did not survive past the Miocene.