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Citrus
The Exhibition Gallery, Botanical Garden
December 4 - 27, 2015


When you need a healthy treat, peel yourself a citrus fruit - sweet to eat!

Citrus is a common term and genus of flowering plants in the rue family, Rutaceae. When you think of citrus, the orange, tangerine, lemon, pomelo and grapefruit may first come to mind. However, there are many different kinds of citrus fruits in the Citrus genus, and they are the names of similar fruits, but different from each other in terms of nutrition and taste.

The Museum's Botanical Garden in collaboration with Chiayi Agricultural Experiment Branch of Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute is presenting a special exhibition about citrus. This is the first exhibition of its kind here in Taiwan to explore the incestuous world of citrus fruit. In addition to offering practical common knowledge about citrus fruits such as how to choose and store citrus fruit, the exhibition also introduces the production and cultivation of citrus in Taiwan, and its representation in Taiwanese festivals. Most of all, visitors are able to make their senses from the convoluted family tree of the citrus fruit, which reveals a pretty complicated soap opera style mess of relationships, with most of the common fruits we enjoy being hybrids of other, more unusual ones. For example: a grapefruit is a cross between a pomelo and an orange, a Meyer lemon is a cross between a lemon and a mandarin or an orange, while a tangelo is a hybrid citrus fruit made by crossing a tangerine with a grapefruit or pomelo… etc. Over one hundred citrus fruits and trees will present you with pleasant experience!

"Citrus fruits have long been valued as part of a nutritious and tasty diet. The flavors provided by citrus are among the most preferred in the world, and it is increasingly evident that citrus not only tastes good, but is also good for people," said Dr. Yen Shin-fu, the Garden's curator, at the exhibition reception. "We hope our visitors will find inspiration in this exhibition, and will have more love and respect for nature after they understand of how citrus plant developmental processes evolve," added Yen.

The Museum's Deputy Director Chou Wen-hao noted," It is evident that our environment plays a major role in the evolution of species. This exhibition aims at offering our visitors practical knowledge about citrus and calling their attention to the challenge of future environmental changes as well."

Mr. Yang Hong-ren, Division Director of Chiayi Agricultural Experiment Branch, expressed with proud at the reception that they cultivate a variety of citrus fruits and have the most significant and successful achievements in Taiwan. "Take Citrus reticulata Osbeck (English name: Mandarin Tainung Giant) for example," said Yang, "It is one of our improved varieties with large size. Its orange or orange-red colored rind is thin and easy to peel, its pulp is soft with juice content at 50 - 55%, and its flavor is rich and slightly sour with a strong citrus fragrance, making it a good ornamental for special festivities."

A stop over at the Museum's Garden will make you a very worthwhile, enjoyable, and informative visit for people of all ages!

    Related Lecture: Introduction to the Varieties of Citrus
  • Time: Sunday, Dec. 6; 10 - 12am
  • Speaker: Mr. Chen Chi-nan
  • Location: Research and Education Center, Botanical Garden
  • Admission: FREE

Citrus exhibition is organized and presented by the National Museum of Natural Science in collaboration with Chiayi Agricultural Experiment Branch of Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute.

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