Take a stroll through each garden using the list below and then plan a visit to explore them in person!
Northern Taiwan Lowlands
This garden featuring plants found in northern Taiwan lowlands is located behind the Conservatory and occupies more land. You will see here Myrsine sequinii, Cyclobalanopsis glauca, and Gordonia axillaries as dominant trees on the elevated skirts of the big meadow and Flying spider-monkey tree ferns in the valley. Chinese fringe trees brighten the pathway in spring, and summer color is provided by lusciously red fruits of the Korean sweetheart trees. Within the garden you will also find a piece of subtropical wetland serving as a demonstration of a natural habitat for some aquatic or semi-aquatic plants of Taiwan.
Central Taiwan Lowlands
This garden is magnificent in its distinctive seasonal beauties on the dome-like massif. Here koelreuteria henryi touches you with its cyclic splendor. Thousands upon thousands of peach-colored inflorescences announce the full arrival of spring; Fantastic fall foliage of Sapindus mukorossii spreads out across the massif in a sea of orange, crimson, and gold. The terrace on the top of the massif offers visitors an overlook at the Great Lawn and picturesque garden surroundings. The stone-paved Maple Pathway that winds beneath Liquidambar formosana circles the heels of the massif in its autumn finery and puts you in the mood for romance. Next to the massif you will see a luxuriant forest featuring lauraceae and fagaceae trees, whose layers of arresting flora block off the traffic bustles. This woodland offers a welcome respite from city life.
Between the Central Taiwan Lowlands and the Conservatory is a great --- acre circular lawn with a carpet of lush Elymus dahurica Turcz. The Great Lawn serving as a natural refuge from the urban surroundings is the largest open area at the Garden. It has hosted millions of visitors spending their leisure time. Some read a good book, some take a sunbath, some practice Chinese kongfu, while others just enjoy the tree ringed expanse.
Southern Taiwan Lowlands
Located at the edge of the Great Lawn and adjacent to the parking lot, the Southern Taiwan Lowlands displays the plant ecosystem of southern Taiwan, and works as a barrier to block off the bustles as well. The Southern Taiwan Lowlands is designed with dense-growing plants such as Taiwan Acacia and Elephant's ear in back and looser ones such as chinaberry, Formosa acacia, and Celtis formosana in front to allow visitors to "see through" the entire community of plants. And under their rounded crowns, large clumps of silvergrass create a changing effect.
Monsoon Rainforest Gully
Monsoon Rainforest gully, at the right hand of the Main Path to the Conservatory, displays the environmental status of the gully at Mt. Nan-ren, a tropical monsoon forest in the Heng-chun peninsula. In this garden visitors surrounded by mist and water murmuring can stroll on the well-paved stone pathways. Even visitors with mobility impairments can enjoy a stream tracing. This garden also features a gentle pool and waterfalls which are privately nested among the woods. The cool, shady environment of the Rainforest Gully makes it one of the Gardens’ most popular attractions.
Opposite to the Monsoon Rainforest Gully is the Aquatic Area at the left hand of the Main Path. This area is actually a --- acre pool with --- aquatic plants. Since Chinese people have long appreciated the beauty and resilience of lotus, this pool renovated and redesigned from a man-made beach has become a new attraction at the Garden. When the heat is on, lotuses in brilliant yellow, purple, and pink float serenely next to some waving aquatic plants of Taiwan such as Red Latania and Thalia dealbata, and blend beauty with environmental sensitivity. Or, when the heat is off in the early morning or evening, visitors can sit at the pool chanting Chu Tzi-ching's (1898 - 1948, a famous Chinese poet and essay writer) 'The Lotus Pool By Moonlight' while enjoying the cool.
Men have always been fascinated by the fact that identical plant species can be found to grow on seacoasts thousands of miles away. Tropical littoral forests can explain why. The Littoral Forest next to the Lotus Pool features its signature plant species such as Barringtonia asiatica (Sea Poison Tree), Barringtonia racemosa (Powder-puff Tree), Hernandia nymphiifolia, etc…Visitors to the Littoral Forest on a summer night will be delighted with the strings of Barringtonia racemosa going into anthesis one after another, illuminating patchwork of colorful shades against the darkness.
Coral Atoll Garden
Coral atolls grow as sea levels rise. Thousands of coral atolls have “drowned” in the past when they were unable to grow fast enough to maintain a presence at sea level! Taiwan is active geologically. The southern Taiwan is surrounded by well-developed fringing reefs which are inhabited by a relatively rich coral fauna. To showcase the plants’ primitive environment, this garden dominated by carol reef is divided into four areas from water shore to inland in order: sand beaches, littoral carol reefs, coastal shrubberies, carol atolls, and flats among reefs. Each of them is characterized by different plant species.
This garden located in front of the Research Building features a rustic pergola supporting Taiwan endemic fabaceae climbing plants such as Millettia pachycarpa, Bauhinia championii, Mucuna macrocarpa, and Caesalpinia minax…etc.. A stone walk through the pergola leads to the Lanyu Garden northwards and to the special exhibition gallery southwards. This peaceful spot offers visitors a place to relax.
Succulents, also known as fat plants, are water-retaining plants adapted to arid climate or soil conditions. Our Succulents Garden originated from a petrified log from the Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona, USA. To shelter this petrified log, the highlight of this garden, from homesick, the Garden staff created this garden featuring the States' endemic succulent plant species for it. In the garden visitors will be amazed at the dazzling displays of cacti and succulents presenting the great diversity of form, texture, and color found in each of our collections.
Lanyu, also known as Orchid Island, is a small volcanic island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan, on which the indigenous Tao (Yami) tribe inhabits. The Lanyu Garden, as implied by its name, displays the plant ecosystem on this island. A meandering stone path, with carol reefs and native plants, passes through the Rainforest Gully. Visitors will have a glimpse into the Tao’s culture while they stroll pleasantly through the diverse and beautiful settings because many of the plants have a chockfull of Tao’s tales to tell.
Taitung Cycad Garden
This smallest but most intriguing cycad garden is privately nestled in a corner behind the Orchid Garden and the Littoral Forest. These endemic, short tree-like, but endangered Taitung cycads thrive on the exposed hillside in rocky shale which is modeled from their native home. Listen to the legend of these survivors from before the dinosaurs or visit them in person!