There are 39 curators to date in the museum. Their research covers the fields of entomology, ornithology, herpetology, invertebrate zoology, vascular plants, nonvascular plants, fungi, paleontology, petrology, mineralogy, archeology, ethnology and collection management, etc.
Every year, the research of the museum's curators is published in domestic and foreign scientific journals, Collection and Research, Museology Quarterly or special publications. Through the museum's professional development committee and special exhibition task force, the results of curators'research are transformed into special exhibitions and science education activities, to pass on their knowledge to the society.
The museum's research space totals 15,000 square meters, which includes research rooms, laboratories (such as the molecular systematics, marine biology, biochemistry, geochemistry, morphological botany and micropaleontology laboratories, as well as a sedimentology workroom), seed bank and precision equipment centers (including electrophoresis room, SEM room, TEM room, Xray room and audiovisual analysis center).
The 2005 International Workshop on Integrated Biodiversity and Natural Specimens Database was held in the Museum