Contact Us | Links | Site Map | FAQ | Chinese |  
National Museum of Natural Science, Taiwan*
*You are here: HOME > Exhibition > Permanent Exhibits

What is the ultimate goal for ancient Chinese Han people to pursue?

Han people are an East Asian ethnic group and nation. They constitute the world's largest ethnic group, making up about 18% of the global population. The estimated 1.3 billion Han Chinese (92% of the total Han population) are most concentrated in Mainland China. They also form the overwhelming majority in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, and Singapore.

The Han people are bound together with a common genetic stock and a share history inhabiting an ancient ancestral territory spanning more than four thousand years, deeply rooted with many different cultural traditions and customs. They have made many important religious, philosophical, and scientific contributions, which have always maintained a profound influence.

Han people's spiritual life is greatly affected by their viewpoints of the universe, of the life, and of the society, which are very different from those of the West. Ancient Han people ate healthful diet, worshiped gods, chanted the sun, cultivated “qi”, and even practiced alchemy for longevity. They believed that a living being would start a new life in a different physical body or form after each biological death. So they carefully planned their lives after death, which fully reflected their real lives. Also, since ancient times, the Han people's cosmology has combined myths with legends. They were profoundly influenced by the Sun, Moon and stars, making persistent efforts to mirror astral phenomena in shaping their civilization, including art, architecture, calendrical science, myth, technology, and political and military decision-making. On the other hand, they attached much importance to the ethical and blood relationships and had the tendency of personal centralism.

In short, we can say that the Han people's spiritual life is an eclectic fusion of the great unity of heaven and man.