Orchid Island is a volcanic island located off the southeastern coast of Taiwan. It possesses abundant vegetation and forests. This island has a closer phytogeographical affinity with the Philippines than with Taiwan. The indigenous Tao (Yami) tribe that inhabits this island has developed a unique ethnobotanical culture. The Orchid Island exhibit area introduces the species of Myristica ceylanica var. cagayanensis, Litsea garciae Vidal, Euonymus cochinchinensis, Syzgium simile, Pometia pinnata Forst., Donax cannaeformis and Excoecaria kawakamii.